Cercopis sanguinolenta

(Scopoli, 1763)

Information

Description

BL ♂: 7.7-9.5 mm; ♀: 8.7-9.5 mm. Base color black, thorax and legs completely black. Forewings usually with a posterior red band and two red spots on each wing (var. typica). Ventral plates of the connexivum red with black spots, these black spots are rarely missing. Body shape long ovoid. Frons in sideview at most slightly exceeding the fore margin of the vertex.

Five more color morphs are distinguished: 

  • C. sanguinolenta var. basalis (Dominique, 1892): forewings black with only a red spot in the clavus.
  • C. sanguinolenta var. egestosa Haupt, 1917: clavus and corium with reduced spots, posterior band normal.
  • C. sanguinolenta var. panzeri Le Peletier & Serville, 1825: forewings completely black.
  • C. sanguinolenta var. quadripunctata Sabransky, 1912: corium without a red spot.
  • C. sanguinolenta var. reducta Melichar, 1913: posterior band reduced to a spot in the clavus.

Genitalia:  

  • Male aedeagus: shaft long and slightly curved and with a pointed tip; with four spine-like appendages, the outer appendages half as long as inner appendages.
Ecology

Adults between May and July, hibernates in the larval stadium. In a wide variation of habitats with tall vegetation of herbs and grasses. Adults feed on herbs and grasses.

Distribution

Widely distributed in the Mediterranean area and the southern part of Central-Europe.

References
  • Biederman, R. & R. Niedringhaus 2004. Die Zikaden Deutschlands – Bestimmungstafeln für alle Arten. WABV Fründ.
  • Den Bieman K, Biedermann R, Nickel H & Niedringhaus R 2011. The planthoppers and leafhoppers of Benelux. Identification keys to all families and genera and all Benelux species not recorded from Germany. WABV Fründ.
  • Fieber, F.X. 1844. Die Cercopis-Arten der Deutschen Insecten-Fauna. Entomologische Monographien: 1-134.
  • Holzinger, W.E., I. Kammerlander & H. Nickel 2003. The Auchenorrhyncha of Central Europe, Fulgoromorpha, Cicadomorpha excl. Cicadellidae. Brill Publishers, Leiden: 673 pp.
  • Jach, M. & H. Hoch 2013. Fauna Europaea: Cicadomorpha, Cicadomorpha, Cercopidae. Fauna Europaea version 2.6.2. Available on: www.faunaeur.org.
  • Kunz, G. 2009. Das Insekt des Jahres 2009. Die Gemeine Blutzikade Cercopis vulnerata (ROSSI, 1807) (Auchenorrhyncha, Cercopidae). Entomologica Austriaca 16: 345-351.
  • Kunz, G., H. Nickel & R. Niedringhaus 2011. Fotoatlas der Zikaden Deutschlands. – WABV Fründ, Osnabruck.
  • Scopoli, J.A. 1763. Ordo II. Proboscidea. Hemiptera. Entomologie Carniolica exhibens insecta Carniolae indigena et distribua in ordines, genera, species, varietates. Methodo Linnaeana: 1-421. (Description)

Images

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